Hip replacement surgery in Turkey
Hip replacement surgery in Turkey. Turkish surgeons use several approaches for hip arthroplasty.
Hip joint replacement was previously considered a complex surgical intervention. As you know, in the world, hip joint replacement is carried out using several technologies - classical and minimally invasive. Total hip replacement (total arthroplasty) consists of the placement of an artificial acetabulum and femoral head (composite materials: stainless steel or titanium and dense polyethylene). Today in Turkish hospitals, endoprosthetics is one of the most successful orthopedic surgeries. To replace a diseased joint, the patient must be in the hospital for about 5 days and under the supervision of doctors for at least 2 weeks. After that, it is necessary to re-examine with an X-ray after six months, and then every year.
What is the advantage of operations carried out in Turkey?
- Minimal impact on muscles, ligaments, nerves and large blood vessels surrounding the joint.
- Lack of blood loss.
- Use of endoprostheses, selected taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient.
- Significant reduction in the period of taking painkillers after surgery.
- The patient can get up and walk with a cane immediately after the operation, drive a car after 8-10 days.
- Rehabilitation begins the next day after the operation, first in the ward, then in a specialized department of the hospital, under the supervision of a rehabilitation therapist.
- The risk of subsequent lameness is minimized.
- The seam does not exceed 7-8 cm, it looks very aesthetically pleasing.
Turkish surgeons use several approaches for hip arthroplasty. In particular, the minimally invasive method is practiced, which is carried out through the gluteus muscle. Muscle fibers and nerves are pulled back (practically without dissection). This preserves the integrity and functionality of the muscles, leaving only a small scar after the operation. Patients undergoing minimally invasive hip arthroplasty in Turkey can walk the next day and have a quick and painless rehabilitation.
Types of hip implant fixation in Turkey
A complete hip prosthesis can be anchored using cement or a rod embedded in the bone. Rapid restoration of the joint and the return of full functionality is ensured by fixing the prosthesis with bone cement. Doctors will be allowed to walk on the first day after the operation. However, cemented prostheses are not recommended if implant replacement may be required in the future. Therefore, this method is recommended for elderly patients or those with very low bone density (osteoporosis).
It will be more profitable for a young active patient to choose a built-in prosthesis. The stem of the hip implant has a rough surface that facilitates the natural growth of the bone structure within its cavities. This method provides reliable fixation of the prosthesis and even allows you to play sports after complete rehabilitation.
Postoperative risks and how they are dealt with in Turkey:
Any operation carries risks and can be accompanied by complications. Therefore, it is very important to choose the technique and clinic where these risks are minimal.
- Allergies to drugs: before the operation, a high-quality diagnosis of the existing pathologies is carried out. The results affect the selection of anesthesia and other medications.
- Thromboembolism. Blood clots are more likely to occur when blood is stagnant as a result of immobilization or transfusions. But with the surgical technique used in Turkey, the immobilization time is minimal, and transfusions are made only in exceptional cases.
- Infection. Operating rooms in Turkish hospitals comply with international standards, operations are carried out by doctors in a special protective uniform and in sterile conditions. And before taking patients for surgery, they are thoroughly diagnosed and undergo antibiotic therapy.
- Dislocation and subluxation of the hip joint endoprosthesis. The most common complication, it is caused either by the wrong selection of the prosthesis, or by poor performance of the musculo-ligamentous apparatus. An increased load on the joint becomes a provoking factor in such situations. In Turkey, the selection of an implant is carried out using computer technology, which allows visualizing the state of the patient's bones and choosing the most suitable prosthesis specifically for each patient.
Examinations required for the operation:
- Preoperative examinations (blood, urine, chest x-ray, ECG, hip x-ray)
- Postoperative examinations (x-ray of the hip joint, blood and urine tests to control inflammation)