Stomach cancer treatment in Turkey
Stomach cancer treatment in Turkey. Stomach cancer is one of the five most common cancers and is one of the leaders in the number of deaths.
Stomach cancer is one of the five most common cancers and is one of the leaders in the number of deaths. Stomach cancer causes Helicobacter pylori, long-term persistence of this microorganism on the gastric mucosa causes persistent damage, which later serve as the basis for the oncology. At the same time, this disease is referred to as one of the few malignant diseases, the development of which today has been successfully prevented.
- You get tired quickly, constantly feel tired, and lose weight.
- Rejections appeared for some products (especially meat).
- Heaviness in the stomach after eating.
- You are often tormented by nausea, sometimes vomiting.
- In the area of the stomach, there are prolonged pulling, aching pains.
- In some cases, it is difficult to swallow, heartburn is often present.
- The most dangerous symptom is black liquid stools and coffee-colored vomiting.
Diagnosis of stomach cancer in Turkish hospitals
In the presence of all the above complaints, the attending physician in the Turkish hospitals without fail prescribes fibrogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy of damaged tissues (in five places) and subsequent histological examination. This is usually sufficient to diagnose stomach cancer. A biopsy of the abnormal tissue is taken with an endoscope. Imaging tests - fluorography, CT, PET-CT, MRI - help establish the stage of cancer and the exact location of existing tumors. Additional diagnostic procedures may also be prescribed: endoscopic ultrasound and x-rays using barium.
Turkish hospitals provide both standard and modern methods, including:
- surgery, open and minimally invasive (using an endoscope or robotic system "Da Vinci");
- chemotherapy (combined and monotherapy);
- targeted therapy;
- radiation therapy and radiosurgery Cyberknife;
Stomach cancer surgery in Turkey
The most common treatment for stomach cancer is surgery combined with chemotherapy or radiation. Sometimes, the patient undergoes radiation or chemotherapy before surgery to shrink the tumor and the area of resection.
Available surgical techniques include:
- endoscopic mucosal resection - an endoscope is inserted into the stomach through the mouth, allowing the surgeon to remove certain types of early malignant tumors without incisions;
- Partial gastrectomy - part of the stomach with cancerous tissue and nearby lymph nodes are removed;
- general gastrectomy - the entire stomach, adjacent lymph nodes, and sometimes other organs where cancer has spread are removed. The esophagus is then reconnected to the small intestine, which over time begins to function as the stomach.
If the tumor cannot be removed completely, laser therapy with an endoscope is used to treat stomach cancer in Turkey.
Non-surgical treatment of stomach cancer in Turkey
Irradiation in Turkish hospitals is carried out using modern intensive modulated therapy equipment or under the guidance of real-time imaging. In some cases, low or high dose brachytherapy is available.
To increase the effectiveness of chemotherapy, standard drugs are prescribed in combination with new targeted drugs. To select the most effective targeted therapy, the patient's tumor cells are checked for the presence of specific genes and proteins. Based on the results, one of the following approaches is selected.
- HER2 targeted therapy. Some types of stomach cancer cause the production of large amounts of the HER2 protein. In this case, even advanced stages of cancer respond to the combination of Trastuzumab with chemotherapy.
- Antiangiogenesis therapy. This type of targeted therapy focuses on stopping the creation of new blood vessels in the tumor. For patients whose cancer has not responded to chemotherapy, Tsiramza may help.
Some patients are given immunotherapy instead of chemotherapy after surgery, which helps the body fight the remaining cancer cells on its own.